During my future career as a journalism, media and communications (JMC) professional I will encounter various challenges and issues, particularly in the field of broadcast journalism. Though the industry forever growing it is important that is remains relevant in today’s society. With broadcast journalism being a more accessible source of news it’s important to be aware of three issues that come along with it. First being the effects of media globalisation, then time management in regard to deadlines and finally reporting in an ethical manner. With various topics discussed in KJB102 I hope that I have gained the understanding that will help me achieve success in the broadcast journalism industry.
With advances to technology happening every day, media globalisation will never be the same year to year. Due to the effects of globalisation everything is now instant. When news breaks, people want to know what is happening instantly. One issue that people face is that journalists no longer get to witness an event directly. Through globalisation, journalists now are dependent on the internet as a main source of information for stories. (“The effects of globalisation on the practice of journalism”, 2012). What is said this year about globalization will be different to what was said last year or what will be said next year. The internet has now created a new way for people to distribute their information. It has created a change in who now creates and distributes news and people no longer rely on journalists to get their story out to the world because they can do it themselves. (“The effects of globalization on the practice of journalism”, 2012). One of the most noticeable effects globalization has had is the wider range of communication now available. Having it use to just be newspapers and magazines it has now spread to the internet, TV and radio. This has greatly helped the fast spreading of information and helped people come together form all around the world in a time of need.
The new rise of globalisation on media and journalism in particular, has its own range of advantages and disadvantages although the advantages outweighs the disadvantages. The internet has added a new structure to mass media. Prior to the invention of the internet news outlets were either local or national and very minimal companies would broadcast in other countries. Now they are available online at any time all around the world. Radio is one of the easiest forms of a media source one can access. Radio a big advantage within the means to globalisation because it can reach practically anyone. Globalisation connects audiences to the world and will forever be evolving and changing and not ever be the same. Its important for all journalists to be all over the ever changing ways of globalisation and keep up to speed.
Organisation is a key point for anyone, but it is especially important when you have deadlines to meet. The one thing journalists are always finding themselves wanting is more time, more time to dig for stories, more time to write and more time to edit. When a story breaks, you want to be the first person to cover it but you also want to take the time to make sure you are releasing official information. So how do some journalists use their time efficiently and others cry for more time. Breaking down the different stories you are reporting on is a good first step. A daily story would consist of interviews, planning, drafting and editing. Assigning a set time to complete each stage then keeping track of how long it actually takes you to compete said steps. Psychologist Robert Boice says, the key to a productive story writing session is no to chain yourself to a keyboard for hours on end but to keep to a regular schedule, writing at the same time every day and for the same amount of time (Scanlan, 2012). For a journalist keeping on top of all their story deadline will help them to keep destressed and overall have a better experience in the media industry.
In broadcast journalism, you will often find yourself reporting on things you don’t believe in or disagree with. Ethical journalism is learned and developed over your career and be willing to voice opinions even if they differ to your own. By rushing a story to try and be the first one to cover it you could be making a huge ethical error. Journalism ethics are the guideline in which journalists must follow. As reporters, we need to be careful on how we take pictures and collect information as well as be careful as to how we write and word our stories. At the end of the day good ethics is what make our nations news and broadcast great. Global media ethics is an idea that arises from an attempt to change or reform the global media system and to reduce the control of global media in the hands of minority countries (J. A. Ward, n.d.).
The society of professional journalist have four key points to reporting in an ethical manner. You must seek the truth and report that, meaning journalists should always take responsibility for how accurate their work is, making sure all information is verified and try to use original sources. Throughout a live news story, they must gather and update the correct information in a timely manner. Next, they must minimize harm, making sure they are balancing the publics need for information against any potential harm or discomfort. Show compassion for anyone who could be affected by any news stories being covered. A journalists highest and primary obligations is to serve the public and they should do so acting independently. Avoiding conflicts of interest, refuse any gifts, favors or free travel offered and be sure to never pay for access to news. Lastly be accountable and transparent. Ethical journalism is taking reasonability for your own work. Making sure you make ethical choices, respond quickly to questions and always acknowledge mistakes and correct them promptly. Using recent events as an example, having all the recent terrorist attacks it’s been important all journalists covering these stories are responsible for not provoking any other anger, revenge or further terrorism with their reporting’s.
Below Journalist Carl Bernstein discusses what he feels is most important about ethical journalism.
For me, I feel the best way to make sure you aren’t reporting in an unethical manner is to put yourself in the shoes of the person of those involved and question would you like to be discussed about in that way.
After having discussed the three issues that I feel are a problem in journalism, media and communications and further discussing how to overcome the issues, I feel as though I have a good understanding of how to involve them in my future career as a broadcast journalist. The rise of media globalisation is effecting the way people deliver stories no longer needing the assistance of journalist to write their stories. Time management skills being a necessary thing to be able to meet deadlines. Unethical reporting is someone journalists will always need to be ware about and very cautious of. New journalists need to ensure they are not compromising their own journalistic views and ethical standpoints in order to provide good stories.
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